The gap between supply and demand reached 121,000 tons for zinc, against 191,000 tons last year for the same period. The extraction is increasing in most producing countries, especially India, Ireland, Russia and Mexico. Consumption has meanwhile increased by 1.4% worldwide, despite a decline of 8.2% in Europe following the economic downturn.
As for lead, the surplus is down to 22,000 tons, from 76,000 tons in 2011. World production increased by 24.4% mainly thanks to China, whereas demand fell by 4.3%. It remained stable in Europe but fell in China.